Laparoscopic surgery also referred to as minimally invasive surgery or minimal access surgery describes the performance of surgical procedures with the assistance of a laparoscope, video camera and several thin long cylindrical instruments. During the surgical procedure, CO2 gas is introduced inside the abdominal cavity and small incisions of up to 5 to 10 mm are made. The laparoscopic instruments are placed through these small incisions inside the abdomen to perform surgery.
The camera transmits an image of the organs inside the abdomen onto a medical grade monitor. The surgeon is not able to see directly into the patient without the traditional large incision. The telescope becomes a surgeon’s eyes in laparoscopic surgery, since the surgeon uses the image from the video camera positioned inside the patient’s body to perform the procedure.
Laparoscopic surgery is now accepted all over world as an important skill and it is no more luxury it is considered as necessity.
All the good hospital of world is now equipped with laparoscopic surgery but it is important that surgeon who is doing laparoscopy should be qualified.
Benefits of laparoscopic procedures are
- Less post operative discomfort since the incisions are much smaller
- Quicker recovery times
- Shorter hospital stays
- Earlier return to full activities
- Much smaller scars
- There may be less internal scarring when the procedures are performed in a minimally invasive fashion compared to standard open surgery.